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Part IB Option A

Beginners' course in the second year

The ex-ab initio course is an intensive course: it develops students' language skills in the use of Russian, translation and oral practice through a series of three weekly classes. The language papers you have to take, and the teaching arrangements, are identical to those for post A-level students in their first year.

During this year, you also have the chance to take options from the Slavonic Section's full range of scheduled papers at Part 1B. You can choose to study subjects as diverse as Kievan and Muscovite Rus; 19th and 20th literature and culture; the language, literature and culture of Ukraine; the language, literature and culture of Poland; and Slavonic linguistics.

All students in Part 1B, Option A must take the Diagnostic Test that will be offered via Moodle in September before the Michaelmas teaching term begins. You must also attend the briefing meeting for SLB1 on the Wednesday before the start of Michaelmas term. Location of these meetings may be obtained from Directors of Studies or the Slavonic Studies Secretary.

Essential Summer Work

Your summer preparation must address both aspects of the Part IB, Option A course: the study of language and the study of literature, culture and history.

Essential Language Preparation

Students in both Part 1A, Option B and Part1B, Option A are strongly advised to work on their Russian language skills consistently over the summer. Vocabulary-building and grammar review are essential to success in this and your other Slavonic papers. Please try to listen to Russian radio or watch Russian videos online over the summer, ideally for at least 20 minutes daily; read Russian newspapers, magazines, or fiction; get started reading the set texts for SL1; and review grammar. Some suggestions: purchase James Levine’s Schaum’s Outline of Russian Grammar or Terence Wade's Grammar and Workbook and start working through the exercises; review the root lists in Browning's Leveraging Your Russian or (if you can't obtain Browning easily) George Patrick's Roots of the Russian Language; work through the exercises in E. Andrews, Russian verb prefixes. Practical course. Advanced level; work again through exercises from Colloquial Russian (making sure to include Translations, available on Moodle) and Cambridge interactive online resource. Download old exams for SLA1 and work through them.

Please note that you will be asked to take the Diagnostic test prior to start of the academic year. (Information will be sent out in late August). The aim of this exercise is to assess your level of Russian and allocate you to the right group.


Recommended textbook for SLB1:

  • Gary Browning et al., Leveraging Your Russian With Roots, Prefixes, and Suffixes (Slavica Publishers, 2001).

You may order this book directly from the publisher,, and they will give you a 20% discount. Copies of both are also available from Heffers Bookshop in Cambridge 

Essential Reference Works:

  • James S. Levine, Schaum’s Outline of Russian Grammar. McGraw-Hill Education.
  • Terence Wade, A Comprehensive Russian Grammar (Blackwell)
  • S. I. Ozhegov, "Russian-Russian" dictionary, Словарь русского языка

Additional Useful Textbooks and Reference Works:

  • Edna Andrews, Русские глагольные приставки. Практикум. Продвинутый уровень. Russian verb prefixes. Practical course. Advanced level. It can be purchased online from Ruslania,​
  • Derek Offord, Modern Russian (Bristol Classical Press)
  • George Z. Patrick, Roots of the Russian Language (McGraw-Hill, 1989). [An acceptable, although not an ideal alternative to the Browning text listed in "Essential References" above.]
  • Terence Wade, A Russian Grammar Workbook (Blackwell)
  • The Oxford Russian Dictionary (Russian-English, English-Russian) (revised edition, OUP) 

Online, read Russian newspapers, watch Russian television, Russian films and listen to Russian radio.

Russian Films

Newspapers and magazines:


Online Television

Essential Preparatory Reading

It is essential that you make your selection of scheduled paper well in advance, so that you can spend the summer preparing the necessary reading. The list of scheduled papers currently available can be found here; reading lists will clearly signal the key primary sources that you should read over the summer. Please make sure that you contact the course convenor of the relevant paper for further advice.

Language Work

Language classes and teaching arrangements are identical to those for post A-level students in their first year (Part IA, Option B).

Examination Papers

Students must take at the end of their second year five examination papers in total, including at least three examination papers in Slavonic. Two of these are language papers, the third one is a scheduled paper:

  • SLB1: Use of Russian
  • SLB2: Translation from Russian and Oral B
  • one scheduled paper relating to the ex-ab initio language, i.e. Russian; please refer to the Scheduled Papers list

The remaining two papers you have to choose from MML Part IB Schedule. One of these may, if you wish, be a further Russian or Slavonic scheduled paper.

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