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Faculty of Modern and Medieval Languages and Linguistics


Dr Anna Tristram

Dr Anna Tristram
Teaching Associate in French Linguistics
Theoretical and Applied Linguistics
Contact details: 

Faculty of Modern and Medieval Languages and Linguistics
Raised Faculty Building
University of Cambridge
Sidgwick Avenue
United Kingdom



Anna Tristram completed her PhD at the University of Cambridge in 2011. She was appointed Lecturer in French Studies at Queen’s University Belfast in 2013 and promoted to Senior Lecturer in 2020. After a period as Head of Modern Languages in an independent school, she was appointed Teaching Associate in French Linguistics at the University of Cambridge in 2022. 


Teaching interests: 


  • French (socio)linguistics
  • History of French 
  • English (socio)linguistics


Research interests: 


  • Language variation and change 
  • Language and identity 
  • Language attitudes and ideologies 
  • Language and gender


Recent research projects: 


Attitudes on Twitter towards French ‘inclusive writing’ (to appear in an edited volume with OUP 2023)


Published works: 



  • Tristram, A. 2014. Variation and Change in French Morphosyntax: the Case of Collective Nouns, Research Monographs in French Studies 40, Oxford: Legenda.


Journal articles and book chapters

  • Tristram, A. (to appear 2023). Attitudes on Twitter towards French ‘inclusive writing’, in French and its European Neighbours, J. Carruthers, O. Walsh & M. McLaughlin (eds.), Oxford University Press.
  • Tristram, A. 2020. Variation and change in future temporal reference with avoir and être. Journal of French Language Studies, 1-25. DOI:
  • Tristram, A. 2015. ‘L'accord sujet-verbe en français contemporain: une étude de cas – la/une foule’, Revue Romane 50 (2): 191-221.
  • Tristram, A. 2014 (online 2013). ‘Diachronic Change in Verbal Agreement Patterns with Majorité’, Transactions of the Philological Society 112 (3): 344-366.
  • Tristram, A. & W. Ayres-Bennett. 2012. ‘From Negation to Agreement: Revisiting the Problem of Sources for Socio-Historical Linguistics’, Neuphilologische Mitteilungen 113(3): 365-393.


Conference proceedings

  • Tristram, A. 2010. ‘L’accord sujet-verbe en français contemporain: une étude de variation sociale’, in Proceedings of the Congrès Mondial de Linguistique Française, New Orleans, USA, July 2010, ed. by Franck Neveu, Valelia Muni Toke, Thomas Klingler, Jacques Durand, Lorenz Mondada & Sophie Prévost
  • Tristram, A. 2009. ‘L'accord sujet-verbe en français contemporain: une étude de variation grammaticale et sociale’, Proceedings of the Rencontres Jeunes Chercheurs, Université de la Sorbonne Nouvelle Paris III, June 2009, CORELA (Cognition, Représentation, Langage)



  • Tristram, A. 2016 Review of Rutten, Gijsbert, Rik Vosters & Wim Vandenbussche (eds.). 2014. Norms and Usage in Language History, 1600–1900. A Sociolinguistic and Comparative Perspective (Advances in Historical Sociolinguistics 3). Amsterdam, Philadelphia: John Benjamins. Published in Journal of Historical Sociolinguistics 2 (1): 131–135. DOI 10.1515/jhsl-2016-0007